10 MISTAKES EVERY BEGINNER FILMMAKER MAKES


– Okay, throughout my
career over the years, I’ve given a lot of
feedback to a lot of people on their work, on their videos. And more recently, I used
to do the TF Feedback series where I would look at your guys’ films, and I would give you
some sort of feedback, and now I’ve been doing on
the members live streams, I’ve been kind of taking your videos, taking your Instagram, giving you feedback on all of that stuff. Now when somebody asks me to give feedback on their work, these are
the most common things that I see that people
kind of make mistakes on. So if you want to
supercharge your filmmaking and just skip all of the
mistakes that we all make, do not do these ten things. (upbeat techno music) Number one, by far the most
common mistake that I see everybody when they’re starting out make is filming in 30 frames per second, or even worse, 50 or 60 frames per second. I get it, I’ve done it myself. You think well the more frame
rates the better, right? Wrong, you wanna stick
to 24 frames per second, this is the most cinematic look there is, and a lot of you might not even realize that there’s a difference in
the look between 24 frames per second, 30, 50, and
60, and all the gamers, again, are gonna get angry,
I understand for gaming, it helps to have more frame
rates, but when we’re talking about look, when we’re
talking about the quality of the image, when you’re
trying to make something really cinematic, stick
to 24 frames per second, I cannot stress this more, 24. Number two is using way too high of an ISO when you actually don’t need
to, I see this all the time and people are like why
doesn’t my footage look as good as this other person’s
footage from the same camera and it’s just because you’re
using a really high ISO when you actually don’t need to. The only time you boost your ISO is if there’s literally not enough light, and on that note, there’s
actually a base ISO, which is the best ISO for that camera, it’s different for every camera. This is the ISO that your
camera is gonna perform best at, the dynamic range, the
amount of noise, all that is gonna be the best so make
sure you stick to the base ISO. Number three, people buy DSLRs
and then they just stick it in auto, and that’s it. That is a massive mistake in my opinion. Not only does it make
you a worse filmmaker because you don’t actually know
how to control your camera, but you’re also giving away
a lot of the creative choices to this little robot of
a brain in your camera. That doesn’t do the best job. You’re giving away a lot
of your creative choices, especially the F stop, that is probably the most creative choice that you can make while you’re filming, what
F stop you’re gonna film at, so don’t film in auto, learn
how to use manual controls. Number four, this one’s really common, is overexposing or underexposing,
so you’re just making your image too bright
or too dark, and again, your footage is not gonna
look good when you go to post and you start color grading,
it doesn’t look good if you’ve lost detail in the
highlights or lost detail in the shadows, yeah, you’re
gonna be really struggling. Basically just use a histogram
or better yet, a waveform ’cause you can’t always
trust your eyes just looking at the LCD screen. If everything is over the
left side on your histogram, that means you’re underexposed,
and if everything is over to the right on your histogram, that means you’re overexposing. You want it kind of in the middle. Number five is that people
don’t color grade their footage. It really hurts me to see footage filmed, and it might even be filmed nicely, but then it’s just not color graded. You’re missing out on a massive step, especially if you’re filming in log, you have to color grade. Yeah, it’s just gonna look
like junk if you don’t. It’s kind of like the
equivalent of building a house and not putting any
furniture in it or you get an ice cream but it’s the
new flavorless flavor, yeah just take the time,
color grade your footage, it’s gonna look way better,
it’s gonna make you more unique, even if it’s just using a
LUT or something and putting down no pass, just color
grade your footage, please, just a little bit even. Number six is not using lights, lights like this one
that I’m using right now, and I understand it in the begging, there’s a bajillion things
that you need to buy and lights aren’t quite
so high up on the list, you wanna buy cameras and lenses and all that other stuff
first, so I understand that, but at least use natural light. There’s always some sort
of light source around you that you can use whether it’s a window or just a light in your house. Basically, just look around in
your room or in your setting and find out what’s the
brightest thing there, and then just use that. That’s your light, easy as that, and it’s gonna make
your footage look again, way better than just
filming in a dark corner, yeah just use a light. Number seven is bad audio, and
I don’t just mean not using a microphone, I highly recommend
investing in a microphone very early on, it’s gonna
do way more for your videos than something like a gimbal
but really what I mean is the audio’s peaking
or it’s way too low. Basically where you want your
audio is about -12 decibels. That’s where you kind of
want the audio to be hitting, you don’t want to hit red, that’s bad, and then afterwards, you
can tweak it in post, but -12, that’s kind of where
you want your audio to hit while you’re recording. Then we have the classic shaky footage, and this is something that we all do. We pick up the camera and
we put it into video mode and we start filming and
it’s just shaking everywhere, and it doesn’t look good,
and don’t use the excuse of saying that you’re
trying to make it look raw or something like that, I get it, there’s a time and place
for that but most likely, you weren’t using it for that purpose. Buy a monopod, a GorillaPod, a tripod, is there a cuadrapod? A gimbal, anything to
stabilize your footage, it’s gonna be way better than that. Jittery footage. Number nine, you film some
footage, and you go to edit it, and you just slap on a song,
you just oh this song’s great, I like this one, and you
just throw it in there, that is not enough. First of all, you don’t
want to just choose a song that you liked which is really
tempting in the beginning. Choose a song that fits
your footage and then edit to that song. Don’t just edit and then
just slap in a song. It’s gonna be way more
interesting, more compelling, just overall better if you actually edit to the song. And then lastly, the
biggest mistake we all make as beginners is neglecting story. We all hear it, story is king,
but when you’re a beginner, you’re just so caught up in the camera, in the settings, in the light,
everything else going on that you completely forget
about the story so plan out your story beforehand
because the worst thing is coming home with just a bunch of nice or semi nice looking footage but there’s no point to your video. Take your time, plan out the story, make sure there’s something to your video, more than just nice visuals. All right, there we have it, that’s my take on the top ten mistakes that we as beginner filmmakers make. Again, I’ve probably done
every single one of these so don’t be discouraged,
if you’ve done these, just learn from them, if
you haven’t done these, you’re just starting out, pay attention, don do these mistakes. That’s it for this one,
I’m gonna go practice my surfboard rip stick thing some more. See ya guys. (upbeat techno music)

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