Photography Lesson – Learn How to Shoot in P Mode (Program mode) – Episode 9

Hello, and welcome back to GMax Studios. Over the past few episodes, we have been discussing about how to shoot in Aperture Priority Mode, Shutter Priority Mode, and even in the Manual Mode. In today’s episode, we shall take a look as to how to shoot in the Program Mode. To switch to the Program Mode on a Nikon, or on a Canon, we have to switch to the P Mode. Now let’s see what happens when we switch to the P Mode. The camera itself chooses the best setting for the scene, in terms of Shutter Speed, and Aperture. Now most people think that shooting in the Program Mode is just for big nuts, and it’s not actually true, because the Program Mode, is a very powerful Mode in which the camera takes all the decisions related to Aperture and Shutter Speed and you as photographer, focus on the two most important things in photography. One which is focus and the other one which is your composition. Now the Program Mode has an extremely powerful setting called the Flexible Program Mode. It is denoted by a star that appears next to the P when you enter the Flexible Programming Mode. To get into the Flexible Program Mode all you have to do is turn the dial while in the program Mode that’s all. What the Flexible Program Mode does that it locks the exposure value, it locks the exposure of the setting and you are free to change your Aperture or your Shutter Speed and your exposure value will not changed. Now that is an extremely powerful thing to have at tip of your fingertips because you can in the moment decide whether you want to shoot the scene at a wider Aperture or at a faster Shutter Speed. So let’s enter the Flexible Program Mode by turning the dial and we will see a star appear right next to the P when we turn the dial. And if we keep turning the dial in one direction we will see that the Shutter Speed becomes faster and faster without the exposure changing as you can see from the exposure meter. And finally we arrived at F1.4 which is the maximum Aperture on my lens at 140th of a second which is exactly the same reading which was there at the manual settings at the beginning of the previous video clip. Now lets see what happens when we turn the dial in the opposite direction. The Shutter Speed becomes slower and slower and the Aperture keeps closing down in order to compensate for the Shutter becoming slower. So here it is, F11 at 1.3 seconds. We usually use the P of Program Mode when we don’t have time to fiddle around with the settings and time to take decisions regarding whether to shoot in the Aperture Priority Mode or on Shutter Priority Mode and we cannot afford to miss the shot. I usually don’t shoot in the Program Mode, but what I try and do is when I keep my camera in the bag, I switch it to the Program Mode. So in that case, if I need to take my camera out and shoot something at a moments notice I know that my camera is ready. Do subscribe to our channel and do share our videos with your friends. In the next episode we will talk about White Balance and I promise to make it really, really, really simple for you. Until then, bye bye.

Comments 94

  • V v nice guidelines and tips on p mode and p* mode . Gmax studio thnks one again i was waiting for v long time to see your new videos . Thnks for uploading new tutorial.

  • thanks for the tutorial this will help me a lot, just wana ask you something when I try to capture image in low light area and try to adjust exposure but its difficult to me to do that because I wana shoot pic with higher shutter speed with low ISO and unable to do that, if I decrease shutter speed the camera takes so much time, I am using Nikon D3100 55mm lense

  • thank u sir,, can u suggest us best cam fo still photographyin a medium budjet.

  • Sir plz upload episode 10

  • thank you sir .. i m waiting for you next video.

  • Grant sir.. Plz upload some more video in Hindi… N thanks sir..

  • Thankyou very much dear respected sir,

  • thank  you 

  • sir please upload the video on types of camera's mainly focusing on diff between super-zoom or compact cameras and DSLR  

  • thanks for the tutorial this will help me a lot [email protected]& wating for a next eps… sir
    Thanks a loot loot sir

  • thank you sir 

  • your little eforts helps me a lot thank you very much    (just don't stop uploding your tutorials)

  • hello sir i m waiting for episode 10>>>

  • how to take pic in night at party i have 18-200mm 3.5f-5.8f lens and canon 1100d

  • nice tutorial 

  • sir please suggest me the best dslr at 50000 INR

  • very helpful videos really good job.. I applied the concepts and I could see some improvement in my shots… When we can expect next episode about WB


  • need lesson on low light photography…….

  • hello sir
    waiting for Episode No.10

  • Hi sir
    I won't to buy new DSLR but my price only
    20000 to 25000
    Please help

  • Sir your videos are really helpful. This helped me alot and i could see some improvement in my photography as i am a beginner.
    Sir,I have one request,can you please make a video on compostion in photography or how to compose.Thanks.

  • Thanks, nice videos with simple explanations.
    I have Nikon d3300 and am learning a lot from your videos, can you please suggest me a decent tripod, I am really confused. Thanks.

  • Sir i learned lot of thing from your episodes….. But where is 10th and remaining episodes please upload sir. The way you giving information, I am becoming big fan of yours. Very nice, please continue episodes. please sir.

  • Your videos are really good. When will you upload your next episode?

  • Great videos on basics of photography. I've shared the whole playlist with my friends & communities on g+.
    There is one problem though. If u are watching the whole playlist, it kinda starts from last episode & move towards first one.

  • You Have done really a great job in preparing the tutorials. Best wishes!!!

  • great……very easy to understand……its really helpful, just waiting for next episode 10.,

  • I appreciate your job….but I'm a beginner and I'm confused which type of dslr to take??
    like in budget or a expensive one…..I'm ready to spend money on a expensive 1 but its just that I'm a beginner so please could you help me out buying a canon dslr..!! 

  • Hi Sir, I really thanx to u i learnt a lots of things after watching your video 1-9 thanx so much to teach us sir actually i'm New user of DSLR and having alot of passion about photography and want to learn more n more thing sir i have 2 lens 18-55 & 55-250 sir can u please arrange one video about lenses how to use or where to use. and may i show u my photographs if you're interested i'll send u and after that need your review about it my shots thanx again sir i'm waiting for you're rpl…. 🙂

  • Dear sir
    Please upload a new photography tutorial hindi and english your video is amazing
    Thank u

    Sohel khan

  • Hello there Mr.Gorky.M. I just want to take the time (again) to appreciate your time and effort for the knowledge that you are dispensing with us, which I find invaluable.
    Thank you so much!!

  • Also I couldn't find your lesson on White balance which you have mentioned on Tutorial no.9 that you'll discuss later. So far I have watched all the 9 Tutorial episodes and I am expecting it to keep coming.. Do please share your new lessons.

    Bhoomi (Bhushree Thakur).

  • ye show kay HINDI me nahi kar sakte kay?

  • What is the difference between Program mode and Auto then? Is it just that in P mode you can go to P* mode?

  • Good 1 sir, but on my canon 60d it doesnot show P mode on screen so, I cann't see the Flexible mode or star while turning the dial …guide me. thanks

  • I like your videos I think it is very easy to understand and great illustration

  • Hello Sir…. Plz Guide me…. D750, D7200, D810 ke beech main confuse hu… which one is best…? Mujhe Studio shoot ke sath sath… landscape, portraits aur candid shots bhi lene hain? Mera ek chota sa Studio hai is liye Studio Exposing mere liye jaruri hai… main alag alag purpose ke liye difrent cam afford nahi kar sakta hu…. plz mera margdarshan karen..

  • hello sir, if p mode take all decision than what about full auto mode ? auto mode also take control of everything. so can you plz do one more video p vs auto mode.

  • Wonderful My Friend!!!! Better than that no one can explain…Thank you for your teachings

  • now i know. thanks a lot.

  • Now I get the difference between P Mode and full auto. Thanks

  • Great explanation… Really useful video… I enjoyed all of your videos…
    Thanks a lot…

  • Well, I am sad I didn't have you as a teacher in my school when I was a kid 🙂

    Honestly, great work.

  • yes and no, I think if is a preference. but me I like to be in full control to make the shot the way I want. I have a signature when taking photos likes most professional photographers. and if you use p mode. you can't do much than shoot. so yes you right l. if you want to focus on shooting p is the way to go or auto.

  • which DSLR company is best for photography please tell me about it..

  • Excellent

  • thank you for the awesome tutorial… your presentation is very unique and easy to understand and has awesome clarity!!!

  • Great got cleared thanks

  • really helpfull tutorial dude

  • Sir, what is the difference between kit lenses and wide angle lenses? if upload a tutorial video about it then i shall be very glad to you. thank you..

  • I've been wondering about P mode and why not just Auto mode until now, thanks a lot, really!

  • Great tips for shooting in
    programe mode.
    In Canon T2i/550D it is called program shift & becomes available by pressing the shutter halfway down.
    Program shift is not possible if we use flash.

  • At first look the Chair you were sitting, I thought it was your extension of your Hair 😂😂😂

  • Great video thanks.
    I have a problem with Program Mode on a Nikon D610.
    I find it useful to switch to P* by moving the rear dial so I can choose the aperture or shutter speed.
    But after I take the shot I find that the dial no longer alters the shutter speed/aperture, they stay fixed at the cameras chosen default combination.
    I can only change them again with the rear wheel if I turn the camera off and on>
    Surely there is a simpler way to do this?

  • Way u explain is so nice , simple & effective. Thank u so much !!!

  • @0:55 for what?? (subtitles on) lol

  • Good video.  When shooting in Program mode, should the camera and lens switches be set to 'auto' or 'manual'?

  • Am i the only one who thinks this dude looks like Anakin Skywalker? Kinda?

  • u look like 70's hero

  • Absolutely marvelous..this is what i was looking for the genuine direction of the camera and photos clicking techniques.Thank You so much! keep posting such videos for the better future of the viewers and mine also.

  • Excellent communicator and teacher, cheers.


  • Excellent Presentaion in simple language. Thank u very much

  • can i able to increase the ISO in p mode and what happen if i increase the ISO ?

  • Ur simply amazing… thanks a lot for sharing information in very easy language… hats off…🤘👍👌

  • Your explanation is very practical and easily understood. Thanks

  • Hi sir,
    Sir Cannon 1300D – Flexible Programme Mode mai kaise jaye?

  • Dude i have been watching these beginner tutoriald for days now and ive been so confused to the point of aggravated you could say, until today i just come across your channel and wow you make it so simple. Thanks so much and keep doing what you do ive got a long way to go.

  • hey sir,
    i've learned my photography through your videos only!… thankyou so much….
    #*please tell me how to switch into flexible programme mode*# iam a canom user.. … turning the dial is not doing anything

  • Your supppppper……gorky

  • Sir I just want to know that Is canon 700d have advance program mode.. One of your video about program mode you talked about advance program mode which is enabled by the dial pad when you are in program mode, I did the same but nothing has changed. Please help….

  • i shoot with sony, canon and nikon bodies and they are all great cameras that give excellent results, however my sony SLT A mount camera bodies have two major features that lead the pack, first the Electronic viewfinder that allows you to see the finished product before you actually shoot the image which opens the door for many many other features and second is the body stabilization………..i shoot for pleasure….

  • That background music. 😑

  • Trouble is, shoot a bride in her white dress in P mode, she will come out too dark. While the groom in black will come out too light – sometimes the images are unrecoverable or causes too much noise upon correction.

  • That last tip on leaving the camera in P mode. Nice.

  • Good explanation. Only thing that I would like you to explain is that if you try to photography your children running on a low light situation, your P mode will fail. That is when you need to have control over the camera. You will need faster speed and bigger aperture. Other thing is if you expend a fortune in a camera to use it on P mode, you will have similar result with your mobile phone.

  • dont use music next time, its ANNOYING as hell!

  • Does p mode work with external wireless flash

  • Switching the camera to P mode when we wanna turn it off, was a great advice, ThAnX.

  • Sir, suggest kijiye ki, PHOTO EDITING k liye free version ho, or konsi site se download karna hoga,

  • simply great

  • I'm using canon EOS 200d but cannot found flexible program mode

  • How to set flexible program mode in canon EOS 200d

  • Good presentation.

  • P mode is not for beginner, automatic is. isnt it?

  • dont be fooled world renown wedding photographer Joe buissink who shot MJs wedding. J-Lo. Simpson. And others shoots in P mode 99% of the time

  • Flexible Program mode!! Good to know! Thanks for this information!

  • Sir I want to buy a mirror less. Pls suggest nikond750 or d850. D750 is old model. Confused.

  • I'm a nikon D7200 girl thank you so much , i'm still learning to use my camera . i have had enough of the auto button. Want to go onto P mode . Can not wait for the next subject on Light balance. I get told to much garbage from other people thinking they know Photography . Easy to understand on the subject on P mode love your video .

  • People who are serious shoot in master mode

  • Thank you so much brilliant help

  • When I turn my dial, the ISO value changes, but the shutter and aperture values remain unchanged. What's going on here?

  • Please give us ur every video's hindi link in description.

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